Discover what a celiac can eat

 

There are various foods that a celiac cannot take, which makes cooking in your case more complicated and we find that we have to modify our recipes to adapt to this disease. Luckily today every time we find more alternatives , not only to buy products without gluten but also to be able to cook using different basic elements, such as flour, suitable for celiacs.

 

Mano sosteniendo trigo, con logotipo sin gluten

 

What is celiac disease?

 

Celiac disease consists of a type of permanent intolerance to certain foods that contain gluten , usually wheat, barley, rye and oats. It is characterized by an inflammatory reaction in the mucosa of the small intestine which hinders the absorption of macro and micronutrients. Many people suffer from it without knowing it, since they can relate their symptoms to other conditions. However, some of its main symptoms may occur as we see in the table below, worsening with age and its misdiagnosis:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHILDHOOD   ADOLESCENCE ADULT
Vomiting
 
Iron deficiency anemia
 
Malabsortive diarrhea
 
Fetid, abundant and fatty diarrhea
 
Abdominal pain Malabsortive diarrhea
 
Apathy Irritability
 
Sickness
 
Constipation, meteorism
 
Depression
 
Anorexy
 
Hepatitis
 
Asthenia
 
Asthenia
 
Aphthous stomatitis
 
Inapetence
 
Irritability
 
Angular cheilitis
 
Weightloss
 
Fragile hair
 
Atopic dermatitis
 
Dermatitis herpetiformis
 
Abdominal distension
 
Headaches, epilepsy
 
Iron deficiency anemia
 
Muscle hypotrophy: buttocks, thighs and arms
 
Short stature, Delayed pubertal
 
Osteoporosis, fractures, arthritis, arthralgias
 
Growth Failure Late menarche
 
Introversion
 
Juvenile Chronic Arthritis
 
Irritable bowel constipation
 
Dependence
 
Abortions, infertility, early menopause, newborns with low weight
 
Leukopenia, coagulopathies, thrombocytosis
 
Frequently asymptomatic
 
Epilepsy, ataxia, peripheral neuropathies
 
Dental enamel defects
 
Digestive cancer
 
Pondoestatural delay
 
Hypertransaminemia
 
Dyslexia, autism, hyperactivity
 

What is gluten and where do we find it?

 

The Federation of Celiac Associations defines gluten as:

 

   

An amorphous protein found in the seed of many cereals (wheat, barley, rye, spelled, triticale and possibly oatmeal) combined with starch. It represents 80% of wheat proteins and is composed of gliadin and glutenin.

 

 

Therefore, those who suffer from intolerance to it, will have to basically eliminate cereals containing this protein from their diet . However, it will not be enough to stop taking these foods, we will have to look closely at the compositions of numerous products, since precisely because of gluten, flours are used in many preparations for their thickening effect.

 

That is why we will have to avoid bread (any variant that uses wheat flour), pastries, cakes, chocolates, processed cheeses, sausages or processed sauces , unless the product is specific for celiacs . We will know this because it will include an icon in which we will read clearly: gluten free.

 

What can we use in gluten-free cooking

 

Probably knowing that we cannot take gluten, flour or pasta are the foods that would cost us the most to replace. However in the market we have many alternatives that we can use, so as not to have to say goodbye to these foods.

 

On the one hand we have flours of different cereals or gluten-free ingredients , for example rice flour, corn flour or chickpea flour. There are many more but of course what we use will also depend on what is available in our supermarket.

 

In the case of pasta, the easiest substitute will be the rice paste that we know mostly of oriental cuisine. However, every day we find more varieties, from typical noodles to macaroni, so it will not be difficult to continue taking pasta. Although if we look a little, we will also find some brand that offers us corn paste.

 

We will find many alternatives in the market, although there is still a lot for us to have everything. That is why I invite you to to cook your own, cookies , cakes or sauces , which not only is a perfect way to make sure we eat what we should [ 19459003], but another way to enjoy cooking.

 

Do you know more products? Do you have a hard time finding specific products for celiacs? I give you the floor, tell us your experiences, doubts or ideas below .

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